Small Goa wiki based knowledge article created for those interested in knowing about before they plan to visit it.
Goa Pradesh is India’s state, located to biodiversity known the Western Ghats; animals, and plants rich in natural resources. Known for its beaches, it attracts hundreds of thousands of domestic and foreign tourists every year. The churches and monasteries of Goa are world heritage sites, and the Cathedral of Mercy Jesus is one of the most important Christian pilgrimage sites in Asia.
Goa is one of the attractive destinations and holiday spots for foreign travelers, quite popular among tourists worldwide. It is famous for its distinctive temples and beaches, attractive natural beauty as well as awesome greenery. It inherits rich and diverse culture with the people inculcating all the qualities of hospitality. Tourists feel comfortable and enjoy the overall experience of visiting Goa. The major asset for the city is its long coastline enriched with about 29 beaches and well versed with rich cultural heritage. Tourism in Goa is highly competitive with an excellent system of transportation including sea, road, rail, and air.
Tourism is a major industry in Goa, attracting 12% of all foreign tourists coming to India. Goa has two main tourist seasons – summer and winter. In the winter, foreign tourists (mainly from Europe) are attracted by the pleasant climate of Goa, while in the summer (the rainy season for Goa), tourists from all over India come here for a holiday. Tourism is mainly concentrated in the coastal areas of Goa, while tourism in inland areas is relatively small. In 2004, more than 2 million visitors came to Goa, of which 400,000 were from abroad.
The weather of the city is amazing and appropriate for foreign travelers. The climate is moderate all through the year which means no extreme heat in summers and chilly winds in winters. This makes it a perfect spot which the tourists relish every time they visit Goa. One really enjoys the monsoon period as well.
People enjoy the period of stay in Goa because of the literate locals who make them feel comfortable and an active part of the city’s lifestyle. The city offers amazing and different experiences to the people visiting it. Tourists enjoy various activities offered by the city and also the traditional festivals taking place throughout the year. There are some new and improvised concepts emerging like casinos, night bazaars etc. Various accommodation types are also offered to make the tourists feel relaxed and comfortable.
The main things that attract the tourists and foreigners are the beaches as well as the mouth-watering food available in Goa. A huge number of tourist visit every year mainly for the lovely beaches that help them bathe and enjoy the clear sea waters. Goan and Konkan food is enjoyed by many people. There are many places which are perfect tourist spots. One of them is Miramar beach which inculcates soft sands so people can move out for walks easily. It is stated to be a golden beach which is enriched with big palm trees.
Tourists can also view the Arabian Sea from this beach, making it more well-known among the masses. Another one is Mobor beach which is quite popular for the tourists who wish to get involved in adventure sports such as parasailing, water surfing, and skiing, bump rides etc. Tourists visit this beach all around the year but especially in the months beginning from September till March.
Colva beach is also one of the spectacular and oldest beaches of Goa, acclaimed by tourist worldwide. Different forts and wildlife sanctuaries are also there which helps in grabbing more travelers and making them feel at comfort and offering them a relaxing environment.
The most popular festivals in Goa include Christmas, Ganesh Festival, Lantern Festival, New Year, Shigmo Festival and Carnival. However, since the 1960s, the celebrations of the Carnival have gradually shifted to the city center, and in recent years it has become a selling point for tourists. Most festivals last for a few days, during which parties and dances are held.
Western English songs have a lot of listeners in most parts of Goa. In addition, a kind of Goa’s electronic music called Trans is also very famous. Rice and curry fish are the main foods in Goa. Goa’s various fish dishes are very famous.
By population, it is the third most populous state in India, only more than Sikkim and Mizoram. Goa is located on the west coast of India, bordering Maharashtra in the north, bordering Karnataka in the east and south, and the Arabian Sea in the west. The capital of Goa is located in Panaji (titled: Panaji, formerly known as Panjim), and the largest town is Da Gama.
Historically, Goa was a Portuguese colony. Portuguese merchants arrived in Goa in the 16th century and soon occupied the area, suppressing Hindus and Muslims, and instructing the majority of the population to convert to Catholicism. The Portuguese colonial period lasted for about 450 years until 1961 when India won its sovereignty by force. Today, Goa is the richest state in India with per capita asset value.
Origin of the name “GOA”
Goa’s Latin letter “Goa” comes from the Portuguese colonizers, the actual origin is unknown, and the British colonists inherited the name. In the Indian epic Mahabharata, the Goa region is known as “Gopalatratra” and “Gwavalatra”, meaning the country of the cattleman.
The earliest history of Goa dates back to the 3rd century BC and is part of the powerful Peacock Dynasty. About 2,000 years ago, Kolhapur’s dynasty ( Satavahana dynasty ) ruled the region; 580 years to 750 years were Chalukya dynasty (Chalukya) control. In the next few centuries, Goa was ruled by the Silharas dynasty, the Kadamba dynasty, the Concealed dynasty, and the Deccan.
In particular, the Kadamba dynasty centered on Chandrabullah (now Changdo-Salcete) left an indelible mark on the history and culture of Goa in the pre-colonial period.
In 1312, Goa belonged to the Sultanate of Delhi, but the kingdom’s rule over the region was weak.
In 70 years, he was ceded to Harry Harrah II of the Vishna Jalal Empire. In 1469 it was again occupied by the sultan of Bahmani in Gulberg. After the collapse of the Sultanate of Bahmani, the Goa area was occupied by Adil Shah of the Sultanate of Bijapur, and the Old City of Goa became its companion.
After independence in 1947, India demanded the return of Goa, Dammam, and Diu under the control of Portugal to India, but Portugal did not agree to India. December 12, 1961, Indian troops entered Goa and Daman and Diu, after 26 hours of fighting at the small-scale they occupied the Goa. In the beginning, the three places were formed as a federal territory of India. By May 30, 1987, Goa was upgraded to the 25th state of India, while Dammam-Dau continued to remain a federal territory. The Portuguese side officially recognized India’s sovereignty over Goa until the 1974 Revolution.
Goa’s Geographical weather
Goa has an area of 3,702 square kilometers. It is located between 14°53’54” to 15°40’00” north latitude and 73°40’33” to 74°20’13” east longitude. Goa is part of the Konkan coast, and the Western Ghats divide it from the Deccan Plateau. The highest point with an altitude of 1,167 meters.
The coastline of Goa is 101 kilometers long. The main rivers of Goa are Zuari, Mandovi, Terekhol, Chapora, Galgibag, Kumbarjua canal, Talpona, and the Sal. The Port at the mouth of the Zuari River is one of the best natural ports in South Asia. The Zuari River and the Mandovi River are the lifeblood of Goa, and their watershed accounts for 69% of the Goa area. Goa has more than forty estuaries, eight islands, and about ninety islands. The total length of the Goa River is 253 km. Goa has more than 300 ancient reservoirs built under the rule of Kadamba and more than 100 medicine springs.
Goa is located in the tropics and close to the Arabian Sea. The climate is warm and humid most of the year. May is the hottest of them, with daytime temperatures exceeding 35°C and high humidity. The monsoon rains come in June and bring the much-needed coolness of the heat. Most of Goa’s annual rainfall comes from the monsoon that lasts until the end of September.
Goa is a short cool season between mid-December and February, when the nighttime temperature is only about 20 °C, while during the day it is about 29 °C and the humidity is moderate. Inland areas will be cooler due to rising altitudes.
The public transport in Goa is mainly private bus routes connecting major cities and villages. The public transport system includes the Kadamba Transport Company, which operates several major routes, such as Panaji-Malaga.
In big cities, the city’s traffic is more convenient. But in general, Goa’s public transportation is not developed, and residents use more personal transportation, such as two-wheeled motorcycles. Goa has two national highways, NH-17 connects Goa and Mumbai on the west coast of India, connects to Mangalore to the south, NH-4A crosses Goa, connects the capital of Panaji and the eastern city of Belgaum, and the city of Deccan Plateau.
The vehicles that can be rented include taxis and the exclusive motorbikes in Goa. The driver is called “Pilots” and the rear seat can take one passenger. The price can be refunded before or after the ride. In some areas of Goa, there are facilities for crossing the river such as ferries. Goa has two railway lines, one operated by the Southwest Railway and one operated by the Konkan Railway. The former was built during the colonial period, connecting Vasco da Gama and Karnataka via Margaux; the latter was built in 1990 to connect Mumbai and the Malabar coast along the coastline.
Goa’s only airport, Dabolim, is used for both military and civilian purposes, with both domestic and international flights taking off and landing. In addition to regular flights, the airport also offers a lot of charter services. Mormugao Port, near Vasco Da Gama City, mainly transports ore, oil, coal and international container operations, most of which are produced in the Inland region of Goa. Panaji on the Mandovi River is also a small port, and the steam passenger ship between Goa and Mumbai was still in operation until the late 1980s.
Currently, Konkani is the official language of Goa. With the end of Portuguese rule, Konkani and Marathi became the most widely spoken languages in the region. Among them, Konkani is used as a basic spoken language, while English and Marathi are used for administrative, literacy and educational purposes.
Language is a controversial issue in Goa. For this reason, a dispute between the pro-Kanani group and the pro-Mala language group occurred between 1985 and 1987. When the dispute ended in 1987, a complex regulation gave the Concacan language the “official language” status, but Marathi was also allowed for “any or all official use”. However, this compromise between the opposing parties appears to be fragile and the actual implementation has been stagnant.
Portuguese used to be a language for the upper level, and the number of users currently used has dropped sharply. However, some Goa people still use Portuguese in their homes, and in recent years there are still Portuguese books published. English is considered to be the language of opportunity and flexibility that many residents of Goa can understand. As for Hindi, as the national language of India, it is also used as the second or third language.
This article provides information about Goa which is one of the best tourist spots and a perfect destination for holiday. People from across the nation like spending quality time in Goa due to the scenic beauty; amazing beaches and terrific environment it inherits. In short, the city offers value for money and an amazing experience to the tourists.
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